As regards waste, there is in the EU a prohibition against landfilling combustible waste (something that many countries outside the EU have also applied in order to rid themselves of landfill sites). This is being implemented using a tax on the waste that is in fact dumped in landfills, which in turn enable municipalities to charge an alternative reception fee at incineration plants.
As regards the EU as a whole, many of the countries in central and western EU have increased their capacity and minimized the amount of waste that is dumped in landfills. On the other hand, this change has not yet happened in the eastern parts of the EU, as evidenced by the Eurostat’s official statistics below.
It can also be noted that parts of the southern EU area have not expanded their capacity for waste treatment either. However, in contrast to countries in the eastern part of the EU, these countries lack infrastructure for district heating.
The need for waste treatment is a global problem that is especially acute in rapidly growing countries. Few treatment methods are commercially viable and the great majority of industrialized countries have chosen a modern form of waste incineration with energy extraction as the treatment method. The fact that Sweden has a good reputation due to its extensive experience and very favorable environmental data means that many decision makers turn to Swedish suppliers for help.